The Selectboard is the body that has general supervision and control over the affairs of the town. The Selectboard performs three functions.
- Legislative - enacts local ordinances, regulations and policies.
- Administrative - prepares and presents the budget, oversees all town expenditures, supervises personnel and controls town buildings and property.
- Quasi-judicial - determines private rights in such areas as laying out, discontinuing and reclassifying highways and hearing appeals as the local board of health and as the local liquor control commission.
In Shaftsbury, the Selectboard also serves as the water board, overseeing the operations of the Shaftsbury Water Department; assuming duties of the former Shaftsbury Fire & Light District.